Benina Gould received her Ph.D. in clinical Psychology from the Fielding Institute, receiving the Annual Social Justice Award. She was awarded a two-year Carnegie Avoiding Nuclear War Fellowship at the Belfer Center for International Studies at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government. While at the Kennedy School and as a visiting scholar at UC Berkeley’s center for Slavic and East European Studies she completed a major academic publication “Living in the question? The Berlin Nuclear Crisis Critical Oral History Project.” ( This followed many years of leading groups of psychologists to the former Soviet Union with the Track Two Citizens for Diplomacy project. At the present time Dr. Gould practices clinical psychology in Berkeley, California and teaches “Refugee, Trauma and Resiliency” as part of the Transformative Social Change Department at Saybrook University. She serves as a senior board member working with the Euro Center for the Study of Extremism (EuroCSE) in Cambridge, UK and recently presented papers on the “Psychology of Extremism” and “War, Trauma and Reconciliation” among Syrian refugees. Her Current research surveys the attitudes of religious and secular German and Turkish Muslim students in Münster, Germany. She believed that in the contexts of anti-Muslim and major refugee crisis, “voices” from all, especially youth, need to be heard more. Her major interest is in Social Justice, Pluralism and how to go Beyond Tolerance to be more inclusive of all religions.


Saybrook University, United States